Important Geographical Facts and Points of India
An Introduction to Civil Service Geography
You’ll find below an extensive, well written as well as best quality study material on Some Important Geographical Facts of India which is popularly known among all civil service aspirants as Indian Geographical Information at a glance.
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- Latitudinal extension of Indiais 06°45’ North to 37°6’ North.
- Latitudinal extension of India (in respect to the Indian main land i.e. political boundary) is 08°4’ North to 37°6’ North.
- Longitudinal extension of India is 68°7’ East to 97°25’ East.
- Time difference between eastern and western most point of India is 01 hour 57 minutes 12 seconds.
- Northern most point of India is Indira Col (Pass).
- Southern most point of India is Indira Point (Pygmalion Point).
- Southern most point (in respect to the Indian main land) is Kanyakumari or Cape Comorin (Kumarika Antarip).
- Eastern most point of India is Patkoi (Patkai) Range Hills and Kibitu (Kibithu). Kibithu is a small hamlet (village) situated at a height of 11000 feet above sea level in the district of Lohit of Arunachal Pradesh.
- Western most point of India (in respect to the India main land i.e. political boundary) is Ghuar Mota or Ghourmota near Dwaraka in Kutch (Kachchh)-Bhuj district (now merged as Kutch or Kachchh district in Feb 2011) of Gujarat. Ghaur Mota is a last inhabited village at the western most point of India.
- Western most point of India (in respect to the water body i.e. physical boundary) is Sir Creek Estuary in the Rann of Kutch at Indo-Pak Border in Gujarat (Still it’s a disputed land).
- Tropic of Cancer (23°30’ North) passes through eight (8) states of India consisting of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh (MP), Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.
- Tropic of Cancer (23°30’ North) passes through four (4) districts of West Bengal consisting of Nadia (passing over the town of Krishnanagar), Burdwan/Bardhaman (passing over the town of Durgapur and Guskara), Bankura (passing over the town of Durlavpur) and Purulia (passing over the town of Adra).
[This point is special for WBCS, WBFS as well as WBPSC, School Service Exams candidates.]
- Indian Standard Time (IST) longitude (82°30’ East) passes through five (5) states of India i.e. Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha (Orissa) and Andhra Pradesh.
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