Indus Valley Civilization – Harappan Culture (IVC)

An Introduction to the History of Ancient India for Civil Service Exam

Presently the areas of Pakistan and North-Western India shaped the core region of the Harappan Civilization which also referred as IVC i.e. Indus Valley Civilization. The most primitive evidence for the emergence of agricultural communities as shown by the archaeological researches comes from a place called Mehrgarh (Mehergarh) near Bolan Pass in Baluchistan (Balochistan) in Pakistan. This earliest indication of urban human habitation during the pre IVC or Harappan stage is also known as Mehrgarh (Mehergarh) Civilization which was located at the base of an important pass of Pakistan called Bolan Pass.

“You’ll find below an extensive, well written as well as best quality study material on Indus Valley Civilization which is popularly known among historian as Harappan Culture.

Our Special Initiative on Civil Service Prelim Exam Oriented Notes of Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) – Harappan Culture –

Our Ancient Indian History experts working on Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) – Harappan Culture modules under General Studies>Indian History>Ancient Age division to produce not only a comprehensive job oriented but also easy to learn and remember best quality study materials on Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) – Harappan Culture for UPSC, State PSC, SSC, IBPS competitive exams and all Government jobs/services recruitment competitive examinations.

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  • Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) is also known as Harappan Culture.
  • Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was discovered by Shri Dayaram Sahani in the year of 1921 A.D.
  • Mohenjodaro (Mohenjo-daro) was discovered by Shri Rakhal Das Banerjee (Bandopadhyay/ Bandyopadhyay) in the year of 1922 A.D.
  • At present the Harappa is located in Montgomery (Montogomari) District of Punjab province in Pakistan.
  • At present Mohenjodaro (Mohenjo-daro) is located in Larkana district of Sindh province in Pakinstan.
  • Harappa was situated on the bank of the river Ravi (Irabati/Irawati/Iravati).
  • Mohenjodaro (Mohenjo-daro) was situated on the bank of river Indus (Sindhu).
  • Ropar was situated on the bank of river Sutlej (Shatadru/Satadru).
  • Kalibangan was situated on the bank of river Ghaggar-Hakra.
  • Lothal was situated on the bank of river Bhogva (Bhogava/Bhogawa) and Sabarmati.
  • The biggest/largest building/construction at Mohenjodaro (Mogenjo-daro) was the Great Bath.
  • There were six (6) Granaries found in Harappa.
  • The Oldest Civilization of the World was Akkad/Akkadian.
  • The Oldest Civilization of the India/Pakistan was Mehrgarh (Mehergarh) near Bolan Pass in Baluchistan (Balochistan) in Pakistan.
  • Mehrgarh (Mehergarh) Civilization was discovered by J. F. Jarrige in the year of 1974 A.D.
  • Mehrgarh (Mehergarh) was situated on the bank of river Bolan in Baluchistan (Balochistan) in Pakistan.
  • Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan people used to have their dead bodies (corpses) buried.
  • Foreign Contemporary civilizations of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture were Mesopotemia and Sumer.
  • Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture belongs to Chalcolithic Age of the history of human civilization.
  •  The ornament of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people usually made of metal consisting Gold, Silver, Copper and Bronze.
  • The Garments (Clothing/Apparels) of the Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people usually made of Cotton.
  • The Bangles were the most common ornament used by the women during Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture period.
  • The Wheat and Barley were the two very common as well as important (main) corps (food) of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people.
  • The writing scripts of the Indus Valley Civilization were Boustrophedon Scripts.
  • Indus Scripts are popularly known as Boustrophedon scripts which are still not deciphered by the historians, researchers and scholars.
  • The name of the Harappan Culture scripts is Pictographic Scripts.
  • Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people worshiped only animalBull.
  • Mother Goddess and Lord Pashupati Nath (Lord Shiba/Shiva) were also worshiped by the Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people.
  • Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people were not worshiper of Forces of Nature.
  • Till today there are One thousand (1000) sites/places have already been discovered/found in Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture region since first excavation.
  • Only two (2) Sea PortsLothal in Ahmedabad District of Gujarat (India) and Sutkagan Dor (or Sutkagen Dor or Sutkajender) in Makran Coast, Baluchistan District (Pakistan) have discovered/found in Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture region.
  • Northern most border of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture region is Manda in Jammu (India).
  • Southern most border of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture region is Diamabad, Maharashtra (India).
  • Eastern most border of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture region is Alamgir Nagar, Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh (India).
  • Western most border of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture region is Makran Coastal region, South of Sindh & Baluchistan (Balochistan) District (Pakistan).
  • Khetri Copper mines of Rajasthan (India) were the source of copper metal of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people.
  • Gold mines of Afghanistan and Karnataka (India) were the source of Gold metal of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people.
  • Silver mines of Mysore (Mysooroo) Karnataka (India) were the source of Silver metal of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Culture people.
  • The word Chanhudaro (also Chanhu Daro or Chanhudro) means Mound of Dead.
  • The word Mohenjodaro (Mohenjo-daro) means Mound of Dead.
  • The word Kalibangan means Black Bangles.

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